Conference proceedings reports have been published in a wide range of media. In most instances the material is available in hard copy in libraries or on the internet. However in some instances a short report or extended abstract was prepared for distribution at the meeting but for a variety of reasons the conference organizers did not include the material in more widely distributed media. If you want a copy of such reports, please contact me.
Levings, C.D. 1975. Introduction to Food Webs p. 1 4. In. Anon (Ed.). First Bamfield Marine Station Symposium. The Kelp-Bed Food Web. July 24, 1975. Bamfield Marine Station, Bamfield, British Columbia. 140 p
Levings, C.D. 1976. River diversion and intertidal benthos at the Squamish River delta, British Columbia, 193 202 pp. In. S. Skreslet, R. Leinebo, J.B.L. Matthews, and E. Sakshaug (Eds.). Fresh Water on the Sea: Proc. Symp. Influence of Fresh Water Outflow on Biol. Processes in Fjords and Coastal Waters, 22 25 April 1974, Geilo, Norway, Association of Norwegian Oceanographers, Oslo, 1976. 246 p.
Levings, C.D. 1980. Benthic biology of a dissolved oxygen deficiency event in Howe Sound, B.C. p. 515 522. In Freeland, H.J., D.M. Farmer, and C.D. Levings [Eds.]. Fjord Oceanography. Proc. NATO Workshop on Fjord Oceanography, Sidney, B.C. June 4-9 1979. Plenum Press, New York. 715 p.
Levings, C.D. 1984. Commentary: Progress in attempts to test the null hypothesis that juvenile salmonids aren’t dependent on estuaries. p. 287 296 in: The influence of ocean conditions on the production of salmonids in the North Pacific. W.G. Pearcy, (Ed.). A Workshop. Sponsored by the Cooperative Institute for Marine Resources Studies, Nov. 8 10. 1983, Newport, Oregon.
Levings, C.D. 1986. Consumptive and non-consumptive uses of vegetation in Pacific Northwest aquatic ecosystems. in Strickland, R. (Ed.). Proc. Symposium on Wetland Function, Rehabilitation, and Creation in the Pacific Northwest: State of our Understanding. Port Townsend, Wash. April 28 – May 1, 1986. p. 95 113. Dept. of Ecology, State of Washington, Olympia, Washington, U.S.A. Publication 86 14. 184 p.
Levings, C.D., L.B. Holtby, M.A. Henderson. (Editors). 1989. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Effects of Habitat Alteration on Salmonid Stocks Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 105. 199 p
Levings, C.D. 1989. Report of the Working Group on Permissible Levels of Inference in Habitat Management for Salmonids. 194-195 in Levings, C.D., L.B. Holtby, M.A. Henderson. (Editors). 1989. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Effects of Habitat Alteration on Salmonid Stocks. Can. Spec. Pub. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 105. 199 p. (participant in Working Group chaired by F.C. Boyd; rapporteur L.H. Bain).
Levings, C.D., C.D. McAllister, J.S. Macdonald, T.J. Brown, M.S. Kotyk, and B. Kask. 1989. Chinook salmon and estuarine habitat: A transfer experiment can help evaluate estuary dependency. p. 116 122. in Levings, C.D., L.B. Holtby, M.A. Henderson. (Editors). 1989. Proceedings of the National Workshop on Effects of Habitat Alteration on Salmonid Stocks Can. Spec. Publ. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 105. 199 p
Levings, C.D. 1990. Strategies for fish habitat management in estuaries: comparison of estuarine function and fish survival p. 590 – 598 In: Van Denson, W.L.T., Steinmetz, B., and R.H. Hughes (Editors). Management of Freshwater Fisheries: Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Commission, Goteborg, 31 May to 3 June 1988. Published by PUDOC Wageningen, Jan Kops House, Gen. Foulkesweg. 19, Wageningen, Netherlands.
Levings, C.D. 1991. Restoration of fish habitat in British Columbia estuaries: theory and current practice: p.32 – 40 in Proceedings Ninth Annual California Salmon, Steelhead, and Trout Restoration Conference. Santa Cruz, California. February 22-24 1991.
Levings, C.D., Turner, R.B., and B. Ricketts (Ed). 1992. Proceedings of the Howe Sound Environmental Science Workshop. Bowen Island, B.C. Sept 30-Oct 1 1991. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Science 1879. 262 p.
Levings, C.D. 1993. Requirements for genetic data on adaptations to environment and habitats of salmonids p. 49-65 in Cloud, J.G and G.H. Thorgaard (Editors). Proceedings of NATO Advanced Study Institute: Genetic Conservation of Salmonid Fishes, Moscow, Idaho, June 23-29, 1992. Plenum Press.
Whitehouse, T.R., Levings, C.D. and J.S. Macdonald. 1993. Chironomid (Diptera) insects from natural and transplanted estuarine marshes in British Columbia. p. 500-524 in Leighton, D (Ed) Proc. 1993 Canadian Coastal Conference, Vancouver, May 4-7 1993. Coastal Zone Engineering Program, National Research Council Canada, Building M-32, Montreal Road, Ottawa, Ontario K1A OR6
Levings, C.D. 1993. Comparison of fish habitat and wetland classification systems used in the lower Fraser River p. 33-35 in Proceedings of the Conference “Wetlands – a Transboundary Agenda”. White Rock, B.C., September 24-25 1993
Langer, O.E., Kistritz, R.U., and C.D. Levings, 1994. Evaluation of the no net loss compensation strategy used to conserve Fraser River estuary fish habitats. Proc 1994 Submerged Lands Management Conference, Oct 2-6 1994., New Westminster, BC.
Levings, C.D. 1994. Science and management needed to maintain salmon production in estuaries of the northeast Pacific. In Dyer, K. & R.J. Orth (Eds.) p. 417-421. Proc. Joint Symposium of Estuarine Research Federation and Estuarine and Coastal Sciences Association, September 14-18 1992, Plymouth, England. Olsen and Olsen, Denmark.
Levings, C.D. and R.M. Thom. 1994. Habitat changes in Georgia Basin: implications for resource management and restoration. p. 330-351. in Wilson, R.C.H., Beamish, R.J., Aitkens, F., and J. Bell (Eds.). Review of the Marine Environment and Biota of Strait of Georgia, Puget Sound, and Juan de Fuca Strait. Proc. BC/Washington Symposium on the Marine Environment, January 13-14 1994. Can. Tech. Rep. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 1948. 390 p.
Levings, C.D. 1995. Natural factors to be considered in restoration of marine and estuarine ecosystems supporting fisheries. Proceedings of the Osaka-Wan Symposium, Kobe and Osaka, Japan, June 5-8, 1995. p. 65-68 (English); p.69-70 (Japanese)(available: Research Committee on Osaka Bay Area Mega-Infrastructure, c/o IBC forum, Kitahama-Matsuoka Bldg 2-1-26, Kitahama, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541 Japan)
Levings, C.D. 1996. Compensation and mitigation techniques used to assist fish habitat management in British Columbia estuaries. Proceedings of the Sumoto City International Marine Symposium, Awajishima, July 18-20 1996. p. 81-85 (English); p.87-90 (Japanese) (available: Research Committee on Osaka Bay Area Mega- Infrastructure, c/o IBC forum, Kitahama-Matsuoka Bldg 2-1-26, Kitahama, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541 Japan)
North, M.S. and C.D. Levings, 1996. Methods for environmental evaluation in the coastal zone: some principles and recent experience with fish habitat mapping in coastal British Columbia, Canada. Proceedings of TechnoOcean’96. October 23-25 1996. Kobe, Japan p. 121-126 (available: Techno-Ocean ’96 International Symposium Secretariat c/o IBC forum, Kitahama-Matsuoka Bldg 2-1-26, Kitahama, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541 Japan)
.North, M.S. and C.D. Levings, 1997. GIS applied to foreshore fish habitat research in British Columbia. Proceedings of GIS ‘97 Eleventh Annual Conference on Geographic Information Systems, Vancouver, B.C. February 18-20 1997. Published by GIS World Inc. Fort Collins, Colorado.
Levings, C.D. 1997. Recent patterns of coastal ocean space utilization in Canada. Proceedings of Coastal Ocean Space Utilization ’97. Singapore, May 12-14 1997. Volume 1: p.75-89. Published by Spearhead Exhibitions ltd., Ocean House, 50 Kingston Road, New Malden, Surrey KT3 3LZ, U.K.
Simenstad, C.A., Dethier, M., C.D. Levings and D.E. Hay. 1997. The terrestrial/Marine Interface. p.149-187 in Schoonmaker, P.K., van Hagen, B., and E.C. Wolf , Editors. Proc. Conference on The Environment and People of the Coastal Temperate Rain Forest, Whistler, B.C. August 28-30 1994. Island Press, Washington, D.C.
Glover, E.A. and C.D. Levings 1998. Use of the British Columbia Provincial Tenure Administration (TAS) for Analysis of Marine Habitat Use in the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia. Proceedings of Coastal Zone ’98, Victoria, BC August 30-September 3 1998. p. 153-154
Levings, C.D. and J. Pringle 1998. Marine ecosystem delineation in Georgia Basin: conclusions of a regional workshop. Proceedings of Coastal Zone ’98, Victoria, BC August 30-September 3 1998.p 129-131
Levings, C.D., 1998 Functional assessment of created, restored, and replaced fish habitat in the Fraser River estuary p. 451-457 in Strickland, R., A.E. Copping, and N.J. Lerner (eds.). Puget Sound Research ’98:Proceedings of the 1998 Puget Sound Research Conference, Seattle, WA, March 12-13, 1998 Puget Sound Water Quality Action Team, Olympia, WA.
Jamieson, G.S. and C.D. Levings 1998. Marine protected areas: connectivity considerations. 151-160 in Munro, N.W.P. and J.H. Martin Willison (Ed). Proc Third International Conference on Science and Management of Protected Areas May 12-16 1997. Science and Management of Protected Areas Association, Wolfville, Nova Scotia.
Levings, C.D. 1998. Habitat restoration – an essential element of integrated coastal zone management. p.32-34 in Proceedings of the Underwater Technical, Educational, and Marine Environmental Seminars ’98. World Trade Centre, Singapore, April 4 1998
Levings, C.D., Piercey, G.E., Galbraith, M. and G. Jamieson, 1998. Analyses of invertebrate fauna in ballast water collected in ships arriving at British Columbia ports, especially those from the western North Pacific p 111-124 Proceedings Eighth International Zebra Mussel and Aquatic Nuisance Species Conference, Sacramento, California, March 16-18 1998.
C.D. Levings, G.E. Piercey, M. Galbraith and G.S. Jamieson, 1998. Invertebrate organisms transported around the north Pacific Ocean by ships’ ballast water: results from British Columbia ports p. 337-340 in Proceedings of TechnoOcean 98, Kobe, Japan. November 25-27 1998. available: Research Committee on Osaka Bay Area Mega-Infrastructure, c/o IBC forum, Kitahama-Matsuoka Bldg 2-1-26, Kitahama, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541 Japan)
Nishimura, D.J.H. and C.D. Levings, 1998 Marsh restoration in the lower Fraser River, British Columbia: a summary of their functioning as fish habitat p. 105-108 in Proceedings of TechnoOcean 98, Kobe, Japan. November 25-27 1998. available: Research Committee on Osaka Bay Area Mega-Infrastructure, c/o IBC forum, Kitahama Matsuoka Bldg 2-1-26, Kitahama, Chuo-ku, Osaka 541 Japan)
Milligan, Kristen L.D., Colin D. Levings, and Robert E. DeWreede, 1999. Data compilation and preliminary time series analysis of abundance of a dominant kelp species in relation to the 1997/1998 El Nino event. Proceedings 1998 Science Board Symposium on the Impacts of the 1997/98 El Nino Event on the North Pacific Ocean and its Marginal Seas. 7th Annual PICES meeting, Fairbanks, Alaska October 14-15 1998 p. 69-72
Levings, C.D., M. S. North, G.E. Piercey, G.S.Jamieson, and B.D. Smiley, 1999. Mapping nearshore and intertidal marine habitats with remote sensing and GPS: the importance of spatial and temporal scales. Paper 4H in Proceedings Oceans 99, Annual meeting of Marine Technology Society and IEEE, Seattle Washington September 12-17 1999. P. 1249-1255
Levings, C.D. 2000. Critical environmental information for management plans in Pacific estuaries. Proceedings PACON (Pacific Congress on Marine Science and Technology) ’99 . Russian Academy of Sciences. Moscow, Russia June 23-25 1999. p. 337-333. PACON International. P.O. Box 11568, Honolulu, Hawaii.
Jamieson, J.S., Linda Nichol, Colin D. Levings and Brian D. Smiley, 2000.The Shorekeeper’s Guide to Monitoring Marine Intertidal Habitats p. 1320 -1328 in Bondrup-Nielsen, S., Munro, N.W.P., Nelson, G., Willison, J.H.M., Herman, T.B., and P. Eagles (Eds) Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Science and Management of Protected Areas 14-19 May, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario. Published by Science and Management of Protected Areas Association, Wolfville, Nova Scotia.
Levings, C.D. and T.F. Sutherland, 2001. Alteration of fish habitat by natural and industrial sedimentation in macro tidal estuaries, British Columbia, Canada. P.55-62 in Park, Y.A. and R.A. Davis Jr ( Guest Eds). Proceedings of Tidalites 2000. Special Publication, Korean Society of Oceanography. 103 p Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. September 2001
Sutherland, T., Levings, C.D., Petersen, S. and W. Hesse, 2001.The influence of cyclonic separation and UV treatment on the mortality of marine plankton p.120-125 in Raaymakers, Steve (Ed). Proceedings 1st International Ballast Water Treatment R&D Symposium, IMO, London, 26-27 March 2001. Globallast Monograph Series No. 5. International Maritime Organization, London, U.K
Levings, C.D. 2004.Two Decades of Fish Habitat Restoration and Bioengineering on the Fraser River Estuary, British Columbia, Canada. P.164-168. Proceedings of Oceans ’04/Techno-Ocean ’04. Kobe, Japan, November 9-12 2004
Lo, V., Levings, C.D., Simard, N., and K. Chan, 2007. Ballast water and aquatic invasive species: a preliminary estimate of propagule pressure for Canadian ports. Session 10 D, II . Proceedings Georgia Basin Research Conference, Vancouver BC, March 26-29 2007. http://www.engr.washington.edu/epp/psgb/2007psgb/2007proceedings/index.html
Levings, C.D. and D. Bouillon, 2008. Scaling Salmonid Life History by Habitat Area: A Conceptual Approach to Estimating Estuarine Conservation Needs .P. 1597-1604 in J. L. Nielsen, J. Dodson, K. Friedland, T. R. Hamon, J. Musick, and E. Verspoor, editors. Reconciling Fisheries with Conservation: Proceedings of the Fourth World Fisheries Congress. American Fisheries Society, Symposium 49, Bethesda, Maryland.
Levings, C.D. 2019. Overview of Baynes Sound salmonids and possible limiting factors important for local ecosystem management. P. 41-50. Chapter 5 in Bendell, L., Gallaugher, P., McKeachie, S., and L. Wood (Editors). Stewarding the Sound: The Challenge of Managing Sensitive Coastal Ecosystems. CRC Press. 148 p